Reduction in the quantity of haemoglobin or decrease in the number of red blood cells, is known as anaemia. It is a very common disease among human beings.
Causes of Anaemia
Normally one red cell has a lifespan of 120 days and then it is destroyed and replaced by a new one.
Defects in the bone marrow may cause reduction or decrease in the formation of red blood cells. Insufficient intake of iron , vitamins and proteins is a main cause of anaemia.
Other important causes are, bleeding piles, or excessive menstruation in women, heavy loss of blood due to injury.
Lack of hydrochloric acid in the stomach also may cause anaemia , as it is required for the digestion of iron and proteins or worms or parasites in the intestine.
Worms like hook worms, pin worms, round and tape worms feed on the blood supply and on the vitamins.
Symptoms of anaemia
- Shortness of breath on exertion
- Lack of energy
- Dull and tried eyes
- Poor memory
- Haggard look
- Premature wrinkles
- Slow healing of wounds
- Pale skin