Over 20% of women over age 40 have at one time or the other faced excessive menstrual bleeding or Menorrhagia.
Definition: Menorrhagia is defined as excessively heavy or prolonged uterine bleeding with clots but with or without menstrual cramps which can be caused by medical problems or hormone imbalances.
Symptoms: If you require to change sanitary protection more than every one or two hours, or if you are having a period spanning more than seven days, it’s likely a case of abnormal menstrual bleeding. If excessive bleeding continues, it can result in significant outcomes like anemia, fatigue, decreased strength, depressive mood and cervical cancer in worst cases.
Causes: Heavy bleeding during periods is usually caused by a hormonal imbalance, especially witnessed for women before menopause (aged 40-50 years). Other causes of heavy periods include stress, dieting excessive weight loss or gain, thyroid disorders, fibroids, uterine abnormalities, infection in the pelvic area, presence of benign uterine tumors such as non-cancerous thickening of the endometrium (internal lining of uterus), polyps, fibroids, infection, and endometriosis.
Menorrhagia can be controlled with home remedies and natural treatments. Some of the best home remedies for heavy bleeding during menstrual periods are listed below:
Ginger: An infusion prepared by pounding and boiling ginger in water for a few minutes provides relief and helps stop menstrual flow. The infusion can be sweetened with sugar or honey to make it more palliative. The infusion can be taken up to thrice daily after meals.
Cinnamon: A tea prepared by steeping one cinnamon stick in a cup of boiling water is very effective home remedy for stopping heavy periods. Alternatively 3 drops of tincture of cinnamon bark can be taken internally, twice a day to stop heavy menstrual bleeding during periods.
Mustard seeds Take 40 grams of dried mustard seeds and grind to fine powder. Take 2 grams of mustard seed powder with milk twice a day before or during menstrual cycle to arrest excessive bleeding. This is an effective home remedy for heavy periods.
Coriander seed: Boil 20 grams of coriander seed in 200 ml (two cups) of water. When the water is reduced to one quarter its original volume, allow it to cool before taking it internally. This decoction is one of the best home remedies to stop heavy periods and excessive bleeding during the monthly cycle.
Thyme tea: Tea prepared by steeping 1 tablespoon thyme leaves in a cups of boiling water for around 10 minutes is very effective in arresting excessive menstrual bleeding during heavy periods. Thyme tea mixed with ice cube can also be used as a cold compress on the abdomen to arrest heavy menstruation.
Banana Flower: Eating cooked banana flower with a cup of curd increases progesterone and helps control excessive menstrual bleeding. This is an effective natural remedy for heavy menstrual bleeding.
Indian Spikenard: Indian spikenard is a very effective natural remedy for heavy periods. Indian spikenard has been used since ages for treatment of dysmenorrhea.
Licorice: Remove the peel and grind to fine powder. Take 3 grams of this powder with water drained rice, three times daily for 4-5 days. Licorice is very beneficial in arresting excessive bleeding periods.
Sacred Fig. Juice prepared from extract of tender and fresh leaves of sacred fig is effective in stopping heavy periods. Sacred fig juice taken twice a day during the menstrual cycle is an effective treatment for excessive menstrual bleeding..
Omega -3: Consumption of animal products, fish oils and flaxseed oil which are rich in omega-3 are effective in reducing excessive bleeding during menstruation.
Bamboo leaf: Bamboo leaves and nodes are an excellent home cure for menstrual problems. A decoction made of a some bamboo leaves can be taken twice daily for treating menstrual problems. A decoction made of bamboo nodes is also a useful for menstrual problems. This helps in regulating the menstrual cycle.
Wood apple leaf: Freshly ground leaves of wood apple tree mixed with warm water is an effective natural cure for heavy periods. The fruit, Wood apple is also effective in stopping excessive bleeding during menstrual cycle.
Rough chaff: An infusion prepared by soaking 20 grams of rough chaff in 300 ml of water is effective in stopping heavy bleeding during menstrual periods. This tea can be taken up to two times a day to cure excessive bleeding during menstruation.
Magnesium rich food: Researches have shown that deficiency of magnesium is a very common factor that results in profuse menstrual bleeding. Food rich in magnesium like sesame seeds, water melon seeds, oat, cocoa, pumpkin, squash must be included in the diet. Magnesium helps in stopping menstrual bleeding.
Caveat: Consuming large amount magnesium causes diarrhea and hence a moderate intake is advised.
Iron-rich food: Food rich in iron content like potatoes, pumpkin seeds, clams, molasses are helpful and effective treatment for stopping heavy bleeding during menstruation.
Mango bark: A mixture prepared by adding 10 ml of liquid extract of mango bark in 130 ml of water is effective in arresting excessive periods. Take one teaspoon of this preparation every hour. Juice of fresh mango bark is an effective natural cure for heavy menstrual bleeding.
Tenner’s cassia: Tenner’s cassia helps in regulating the menstruation cycle and the flowers and flower buds are useful in controlling excessive flow during the menstruation.
Jujube Tea: Tea prepared by boiling 20 grams of Jujube leaf with red dates helps cure functional deficiency of blood and is very effective in stopping excessive menstrual bleeding.
Hawthorn flowers decoction: A decoction prepared by mixing 30 grams Hawthorn, 15 grams saffron in water is very effective oriental treatment for menstrual problems like abdominal pain, discharge of blood clots, and arresting excessive menstrual bleeding. The decoction is to be served when it is hot.
Diet: Diet should be rich in vitamins and minerals like magnesium , iron and calcium .The diet should contain lots of fresh fruits and vegetables, green vegetables.
When to consult a doctor?
If bleeding continues for 7 or more days, during each menstrual cycle, despite the home remedies you try, consider consulting a gynecologist.
Its time to consult a doctor:
- If excessive bleeding is seen in all consecutive periods
- If menstruation lasts for more than seven days
- If you notice any abnormal vaginal discharge
- Its you pass thick blood clots for more than one day.
- If excessive bleeding is accompanied by diarrhea, nausea or vomiting.
- If excessive bleeding is accompanied or preceded by fever
- If you are anemic