Dysentery is a serious condition which affects the large intestine. It results in inflammation and ulceration of the lower portion of the bowels. It is prevalent all over the world. In places where the sanitary conditions are not well maintained, more such cases are found. This disease affects both sexes equally. Children are more prone to this disease.
The pathological condition of dysentery is caused by two organisms. They are protozoa and bacilli. Dysentery caused by protozoa is called amoebic dysentery. Dysentery caused by bacilli is called bacillary dysentery. Amoebic dysentery is milder than bacillary dysentery. Bacillary dysentery can be got rid of quickly through medication. But amoebic dysentery takes a long time to get cured.
Causes of Dysentery
Microbial infection is the main cause of dysentery. Consuming food contaminated by bacteria and germs cause dysentery. These germs develop in the colon. This often happens, as a result of putrefaction of excess quantities of animal food, fatty and fried foods.
Other causes are fatigue, chill, debility, intestinal disorders and unsanitary conditions.
Symptoms of Dysentery
Dysentery may be acute and chronic.
- In acute form there is pain in the abdomen, diarrhoea and dysenteric motions.
- Yellowish white mucus passes with the stools. Sometimes only blood from the intestinal ulcers passes with the stools.
- Pain before the evacuation.
- The desire to evacuate frequently. Even though there may be nothing to throw out, except a little mucus and blood.
- Pain in the rectum and large intestine.
- Fever may rise to 105 F in severe cases
With the advance of the disease the blood and mucus quantity increases.
- Sometimes shreds of mucous membrane also pass out through motions.
- Sometimes pus also passes out through the motions, which makes it smelly
- The saliva becomes acidic than alkaline
- Stomach loses the power to absorb and digest food.
Chronic cases are after –effects of acute attacks.
The stool remains putrid and contains blood. The patient may have constipation and diarrhoea, alternately. General well being is disturbed. Temperature may go below normal.