Sore throat is characterized by infection in the back of the throat or an inflammation of the pharynx. In some cases, sore throat may also infect adenoids or tonsils.
Causes of sore throat
Sore throat is generally caused as an after effect of some other ailment like:
- Common cold
Symptoms of sore throat
- Pain and irritation in the throat
- Fever and laryngitis
- Hoarseness in the throat
- Post natal discharge – if inflammation spreads to nasal passage.
- Swollen neck
- Difficulty in swallowing
Cardamom: Cardamom is one of the most effective home remedies for sore throat and related disorders like pharyngitis and tonsillitis. Gargle made with an infusion of cardamom and cinnamon provides immediate relief from throat inflammations.
Cinnamon: Powdered cinnamon mixed with pepper powder, one table spoon honey and approx 500 ml of boiled water when taken as medicine is very effective home remedy for sore throat resulting from cold. Alternatively, Cinnamon oil mixed with tea spoon of honey when is also used to cure sore throat.
Turmeric: Turmeric is a very potent natural antiseptic. Half teaspoon turmeric powder mixed in warm milk is highly effective in curing throat sore, cough, cold and all other throat disorders. A decoction prepared using turmeric powder and a pinch of caraway seed, sweetened with honey after being cooled, is effective treatment for cough and cold. Smoke from burning turmeric can also be inhaled as it encourages copious discharge and provides relief from sore throat.
Cloves: Chewing cloves with a pinch of salt relieves irritation in the throat and is very beneficial cure for inflammation of the pharynx. Cloves also eases expectoration.
Tamarind: Tamarind water can be used for gargle to cure sore throat. Powdered dry leaves of tamarind can also be used to prepare gargle for alleviating all forms of throat infection.
Garlic: 2 teaspoon garlic syrup taken twice or thrice a day an excellent home cure for sore throat.
Pepper: Black pepper is an effective home remedy for sore throat, especially if sore throat is accompanied by cough. Peppers mixed with a crystal of common salt and a pinch of caraway seeds is beneficial in curing sore throat.
Henna: Decoction of henna leaves can be used as a gargle to alleviate inflammation related to sore throat.
Betel leaves: Chewing betel leaves is a very ancient and effective home cure for sore throat.
Liquorice: Raw Liquorice chewed soothes the inflammation of the throat.
Mango bark: Fluid extracted from grinding mango bark can be used both as gargle and for external application on the affected area. Mango bark is an effective cure for sore throat and other throat disorders.
Sage: Sage leaves should be first dipped in slightly hot water. Filter the water it cools down and add little vinegar and honey to prepare this lotion. Using this mixture for gargle helps relieve the inflammatory conditions of the throat.
Tea decoction: A decoction made by pouring boiled water on tea leaves (fresh or dry leaves) is an effective home cure for sore throat. The decoction mixed with pinch of common salt should be used as gargle twice or thrice a day for relief from throat inflammation.
Linseed: Linseed infusion, which is prepared by soaking 5 tablespoon of powdered seed overnight and mixed with limejuice in the morning, is beneficial in the treatment of sore throat.
Madhuca (Botanical name: Madhuca Indica):Madhuca lotion can be used as a gargle in the treatment of acute and chronic sore throat, pharyngitis and several other throat disorders.
Holy basil: Water boiled with holy basil leaves is very effective home remedy for sore throat. It can be drunk and can also be used as a decoction for gargle. A pinch of common salt can also be added to the decoction.
Indian Aloe (Botanical name: Aloe barbadensis): The juice of roasted leaf of Indian Aloe, taken with honey is an effective home cure for sore throat.
Bishop’s weed (Botanical name: Trachyspermum ammi): Seeds of bishop’s weed mixed with common salt is used as a gargle to alleviate inflammations of the throat. A table spoon of seeds crushed and tied in a cotton cloth can be used for inhalation which opens up clogged nasal passage.
Fenugreek seed: Fenugreek seeds gargle is efficacious in treatment of sore throat and other throat disorders. This can be prepared by slowly heating two tablespoon of fenugreek seeds in water for around half an hour. This should then be allowed to cool up to a reasonable temperature to make it suitable for gargling.
Belleric Myrobalan: A decoction consisting of one table spoon pulp of belleric myrobalan, half tea spoon of powdered long pepper, two pinches of salt and two teaspoon of honey is a very effective home cure for sore throat. The fruit can also be taken after frying and roasting it with wheat flour for treating sore throat and other throat disorders.
Indian solanum (Botanical name: Salanum xanthocarpum): The extract of Indian solanum is used in the ancient Indian ayurvedic system of medicine for treating sore throat. The plant is boiled in about 2 litres of water till it reduces to half its volume. The liquid is then filtered and is used as a gargle for treatment of throat related infections.
Rough chaff (Botanical name: Achyranthes aspera): The ash of rough chaff mixed with honey is used in ayurvedic and Chinese medicinal systems as a cure for sore throat.
Bayberry (Botanical name: Myrica nagi): Gargle with a hot decoction of Bay berry is highly beneficial in the treatment of congested and septic throat, catarrh of the mucous membrane, common cold and fever.
Butea (Botanical name: Butea monosperma, Indian name: palas): Butea leaves are a very ancient cure for inflamed throat. Decoction of the Butea leaves is used as a mouth wash in the treatment of sore throat.
Hog weed (Botanical name: Boerhaavia diffusa): Hogweed is beneficial in treatment of common cold induced fever and it also helps in getting rid of nasal catarrh and phlegm. Small doses of powder of the root can be taken for treating sore throat if it is accompanied by discharge of phlegm or catarrh.
The following diet regime is recommended as a pert of home cure of sore throat:
- Fasting on orange juice for 1-2 days depending upon the severity of condition
- All fruit diet for next 2-3 days for cleaning of body toxicity
- A well balanced diet comprising of grains, raw vegetables and fresh fruits after that.
- Milk and milk products can be taken only if sore throat is accompanied by expectoration. (dry cough)
Foods to avoid
- Milk and milk products should be strictly avoided, if sore throat is accompanied by expectoration.
- Avoid eating brinjal and all forms of gourd.
- Avoid heavily spiced or fry food
- Smoking should be avoided as tar aggravates throat inflammation.
- In case of severe inflammation, warm water enema is recommended to clean the bowels
- Avoid sleeping during the day.
- Sexual intercourse should be avoided.
- Wet pack can be applied to the throat two times a day and once in the night.
- Hot Epsom salt bath is beneficial and helps in treatment of sore throat.