Migraine is severe pounding or throbbing pain in one side of the head. It usually starts in the forehead and moves towards the sides of the head and around the eyes. It is also associated with digestion disorders, the liver and the vision. It occurs when the person is under great mental tension.
A migraine comes suddenly. The head and neck muscles, reacting from continuous stress, become overworked and the tight muscles reduce the blood flow.
The following are helpful in treating migraine.
Grapes: Grapes juice is an effective home cure for migraine. Grapes juice must be taken twice a day for relief from headache. One can also grind the grapes and add water to it and consume it. The pain will be relieved in a few minutes of taking it.
Niacin (Vitamin B3): Niacin is an essential vitamin which helps in restoring hormonal balance in the body and helps in curbing depressions. Niacin rich food is beneficial in treating migraine and related headache. Within a few minutes the pain is relieved when taken. This vitamin can be found in adequate quantity in chicken, tuna, salmon, criminy mushroom, peanuts, barley, bulgur, squash, asparagus, sunflower seeds, green vegetables and liver, tomatoes, whole wheat, nuts etc. Foods rich in this vitamin should be taken to treat migraine. Excessive intake of niacin can result in ulcer and liver problems and should be taken only in moderate quantities.
Cabbage leaves: Cabbage leaves are an excellent home cure for migraine headaches. A few leaves of cabbage should be crushed and bound in a cloth and tied around the forehead as a bandage at bedtime. This will help the muscles relax and relieve the patient of migraine related headache. This treatment can be taken every time there is migraine attack or even otherwise till the migraine stops.
Lemon crust: Lemon crust is another effective home remedy for migraine. Lemon crust has vital anti- inflammatory properties which make it a very effective cure for migraine. The crust should be pound and made into a paste and the paste should be applied on the forehead, which provides great relief. The crust can also be boiled with water and this mix can be taken several times a day for relief from migraines. Lemon crust is also effective medicine for digestion.
Primrose oil :Primrose oil is an effective home cure for migraine headaches as it contains anti inflammatory properties, which helps to relieve the tightened blood vessels. The oil can be prepared at home or is available at shops. This oil should be applied on the forehead or can also be taken as a drink by adding to water and honey.
Henna: Henna is an excellent home cure for migraine. Dip the flowers of henna in a little vinegar and firmly apply it over the affected side of the head for immediate relief from migraine headache.
Chamomile tea: Chamomile tea is also very effective home cure for migraine. Powder the chamomile and add the powder to boiled water and make a decoction .drinking this tea hot will help in relieving one from migraine.
Garlic: Garlic is an excellent home remedy for migraine, as it has anti biotic and anti inflammatory properties. Garlic can be used in raw form for better results, one can chew a few cloves or it can be made into paste by grinding ,and the paste should be applied on the affected side of the head. Regular inclusion of garlic in diet is also very helpful.
Vegetable juice: Juice of carrot, with spinach or beet and cucumber juices, combined is a very good home cure for migraine. 100 ml of each juice can be combined and this mix taken twice a day. This is very helpful in getting rid of migraine and associated headaches.
Sandalwood: Fresh sandalwood root can be ground and made to a paste, this paste must be then applied on the forehead and allowed to dry, and rubbed off.
It is very important the person suffering from migraine should take healthy foods and maintain a healthy diet. Initially, the person must fast on orange juice and water for two or three days. One can also include celery, cucumber and carrot juices. This can be followed by an all fruit diet for about five days, taking fruits as three meals a day. Then the patient should follow a well balanced diet of vegetables, nuts, fruits, and grains. This diet should be supplemented by yoghurt, buttermilk and honey.
White flour foods, sugar, chocolates, rich cakes, sweets, refined cereals, fried foods, pickles, sauces and other condiments are foods which must be avoided.
Exercise regularly; massages on the neck region will be very helpful to relieve the muscles and the pain due to migraine. Cold compress applied to head, towels dipped in hot water, wrung and applied over neck frequently, are very helpful in relieving migraine headaches.
- Moderate to severe, throbbing pain, usually in one side of the head.
- Nausea and vomiting when in pain
- Head pain worsens with activity
- Sensitivity to light or sound
- May also feel numbness in arm or leg, or on one side of the face.
- Headache may disturb digestion process
The pain can be felt only on one side of the head at one time.
Usually migraine attacks follow some pattern. If the right side is affected in the first attack, the left side may be affected next time. Migraine attacks are usually preceded by short period of depression, irritability, and loss of appetite. Some persons may get migraine attack daily, some every month or every two months and so on. If a person gets around fifteen attacks daily then the person can be said to be suffering from chronic or acute migraine.
Migration is caused by a combination of two factors:
1. Enlargement of the blood vessels
2. Release of chemicals from the nerve fiber that coils the blood vessels.
During migraine attack the temporary artery which is under the skin of the temples, enlarges and causes nerves around the artery to stretch, which results in intense pain.
Migraine is mostly common in women than men. Persons suffering from migraine are usually with a particular personality of being intelligent, rigid and methodical and perfectionists in nature.
Migraine may be triggered by many factors. The common triggers are stress, sleep disorders, fatigue, smoking, high or low blood pressure, excessive drinking and heredity. Menstruation in women is also an important cause of migraine.